Isaac Newton - Biography, Discoveries, Laws & Inventions

Born in 1642 in Woolsthorpe in England, Isaac Newton was an English philosopher, physicist, astronomer and mathematician, who was the culminating figure of the scientific revolution in the 17th century. He was the son of an uneducated farmer, but he was edudated at the King's School, where he was taught Greek and Latin, but no mathematics. Throughout his celebrated life, he influenced a great deal the revolution of science. In fact, the 'Newtonian' term used by the next generations. He died a true polymath - a great scientist of matematics, physics, chemistry and theology. Newton's many inventions and discoveries are harebrained notions, that can provide you a true glimpse into a legendary mind.

Discoveries, Laws & Inventions

Newton was a great mind, that developed the principles of modern physics. His most influential physics book, under the title Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica was published in 1687. This book actually established the basic foundations of classical mechanics. More specifically, he was the inventor of the Three Laws of Motion (inertia, acceleration, action and reaction), drawn from Kepler's Laws of gravity and Planetary Motion, which remain the cornerstone of today's physics. By using these principles as to make a number of conclusions about tides and the comets, as well as other similar phenomena, Newton managed to remove any doubts about the Solar System.

In fact, his own force of gravity existed in every action of life, from a fruit falling form a trree to the actual orbit of the moon and planet Earth. He was also the inventor of the law of gravity in the 'Principia', which stated that each mass point attracts another singel mass point by a force by pointing along the intersecting. Later on, this law was altered by the theory of relativity, which was developed by Einstein. Isaac Newton also formulated the law of gravity.

Moreover, he build the first reflecting telescope in 1671, by using a curved mirror, in order to reflect and focus the light, the length of the telescope was dramatically reduced. He also developed the theory of colour (1666), which was mainly based on the observation of the prism, which decomposes by light. In fact, he concluded that colour is actually the main result of objects that interace with the existing coloured light than other objects that generate the colours themselves. This was known as Newton's theory of colour. In addition, he invented the law of cooling, as well as the notion of a Newtonian fluid and spend a number of years trying to solve the mystery of the speed of sound.

Isaac Newton made further contributions to science, including his predictions that our planet Earthe was shaped as a spheroid. This theory of Newton was later on vindicated by Maupertuies, La Condamine with a number of measurements, as well as many others, which actually convinced many scientists of Europe of the superiority of mechanics that were used by Newton over the system of Descartes.

Beyond his amazing work in physics, optics and mathematics, Isaac Newton also devoted many years in studying Biblical alchemy and chronology. Most of his great pieces in these special areas didn't published until many years after his death. Most of his ideas influenced great scientists like Joseph L. Lagrange and A. Einstein, the latter one is the only one of scientists that assumed to have left a comparable legacy.

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